The changeless proportion of the circuit of a circle to its measurement, pi, is, and consistently has been 3.1415926 . . . forever.

in the winter of 1897, the Indiana State legislature nearly changed this mathematical constant with a civil law.

 in 1894, believed he had finally solved the age old mathematical problem of “squaring the circle” 

Intending to copyright his proof, Goodwin, a philanthropist, wanted to ensure that Indiana schools could use it for free in their textbooks.

Somehow, he persuaded Indiana State Representative Taylor I. Record of Posey County to introduce a bill on January 18, 1897, that also stated in pertinent part.

The bill, written by Goodwin, goes on to, in the words of a well-respected mathematician at the time, Professor C.A. 

Waldo, give two different values for pi, neither of which is correct: “At the outset it gave 4 as the true value . . . while towards the end it gave 3.2…”

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